The Access Nigeria and Access Sierra Leone is an Accountable Governance for Justice and Security (AGJS) project. The project is being implemented by a consortium made up of CLEEN Foundation (Nigeria), a nongovernmental
organisation that promotes public safety, security and justice; Partners for Democratic Change (United States), a global organization with over 23 years of experience at the forefront of civil society capacity building and good governance promotion; and Campaign for Good Governance Sierra Leone (CGG).
Other members of the consortium are Institute for War and Peace Reporting (United States); and BudgIT Nigeria. The Consortium is aimed at building more accountable institutions in Nigeria and Sierra Leone by enhancing institutional transparency, preventing impunity and reducing transaction cost of transnational organised crime (TOC) in both countries.
- The budget of the three agencies combined is less than half the budget of The Ministry of Niger Delta at N111bn or the N100bn allocated to National Assembly for constituency projects without details on how the funds will be spent.
- In the last 3 years, the yearly total allocations for all the anticorruption agencies is less than half of the allocation to the Niger Delta Amnesty program or the Ministry of Niger Delta.
- The 2014 EFCC capital votes are mainly administrative in nature e.g. purchase of computers, security equipment, motor vehicles and furniture and construction of office buildings gulping the largest share of capital votes at N1.2bn.
- Government should prioritise the fight against corruption and make intervention funds like Sure-P also available to them
- civil society groups should be encouraged to monitor the implementation of allocations to these agencies to gauge effective utilisation of resources
- anticorruption agencies should be adequately funded to enable them address the magnitude of corruption in the country
- The agencies should prioritize allocations to items that would enhance their ability to fight corruption.
In response to the endemic corruption in Nigeria, the government in the last two decades instituted different anti-corruption agencies to deal with the problem. These agencies include the
1. Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC),
2. Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (ICPC) and the
3. Code of Conduct Bureau and Tribunal (CCB and CCT).
The performances of these agencies have largely been questioned by Nigerian citizens and international development partners. It is often observed that despite the years of investment in the activities of these bodies, corruption in the country has continued to surge. In the last few years especially since 2009 it has been one financial scam or scandal involving senior politicians and officials of government. The culture of impunity which permeates the system also gives a cause for concern. Some of those accused seemingly go unpunished and remain in government. Consequently Nigeria has continued to receive poor ranking in corruption index. In 2013, Nigeria ranked 144th out of 177 countries surveyed corruption index.
The surge in corruption cases in the country has been linked to lack of political will by successive governments to deal with the challenge. Institutions responsible for tackling the issues have practically been comatose. The anti-corruption agencies are set up by and dependent on government for funding, they are not autonomous, sometimes lack the will to investigate public officials whom they perceive to be powerful.
Part of the challenges faced by the Anti-corruption agencies include poor funding and There lack of the necessary expertise, tools and equipment to effectively carry out their mandates.
Objective of Analysis
- To gauge the effectiveness of the 2014 Appropriation Bill in empowering the Anti-Corruption agencies to carry out their mandates.
- To assess the commitment of government to fighting corruption in the country.