Perceived corruption remains high in Nigeria despite praise for president’s anti-graft fight
By admin On 10 Feb, 2018 At 04:44 AM | Categorized As News | With 0 Comments

Despite praise for the president’s anti-graft campaign, perceived corruption remains high in Nigeria, especially in the public sector, a recent Afrobarometer survey indicates. The police are perceived as the most corrupt and least trusted among key public institutions.

Although most Nigerians think they can make a difference in the fight against graft, many still fear retaliation should they report an incident of corruption. The survey also reveals a widespread perception that authorities will not take appropriate action when corruption is reported.

In spite of President Muhammadu Buhari’s anti-graft initiatives, which have earned him recognition from the African Union as an anti-corruption champion, the nation still ranked 136th (out of 176 countries) on Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index and continues to grapple with corruption scandals amid calls for fiscal transparency and accountability in governance.

Key findings

  • Nine out of 10 Nigerians say at least “some” public officials are corrupt. The police are seen as most corrupt; 69% of citizens say “most” or “all” police officials are corrupt, followed by members of the National Assembly (60%) and local government councillors (55%). High perceptions of corruption are matched by high public mistrust (see Figure 1).
  • Among Nigerians who sought key state services last year, large proportions say they paid bribes to receive police assistance (68%), avoid problems with the police (44%), or get government documents (38%), water or sanitation services (34%), or medical care (20%) (see Figure 2).
  • Corruption is the fifth most important problems that Nigerians want government to address. About one-fourth (23%) of respondents mention corruption among their three priority problems – well behind unemployment (53%) and management of the economy (35%) but ahead of electricity (21%), agriculture (16%), and education (15%) (Figure 3).
  • There is the widespread perception that authorities will not take appropriate action when corruption is reported. More than two-thirds (68%) of Nigerians say it is “not at all likely” (42%) or “not very likely” (26%) that the authorities will take action if they report corrupt behaviour, such as misuse of funds or requests for bribes by government officials, police, or school or clinic staff (Figure 4 ).
  • Six in 10 Nigerians (59%) say the government is performing “fairly well” or “very well” in fighting corruption – almost three times as many as gave a thumbs-up in 2015 (21%) (Figure 5). However, Nigerians are evenly split (43% each) as to whether corruption has increased or decreased over the past year.

Afrobarometer

Afrobarometer is a pan-African, non-partisan research network that conducts public attitude surveys on democracy, governance, economic conditions, and related issues across more than 35 countries in Africa. Six rounds of surveys were conducted between 1999 and 2015, and Round 7 surveys (2016/2018) are currently underway. Afrobarometer conducts face-to-face interviews in the language of the respondent’s choice with nationally representative samples.

The Afrobarometer team in Ghana, led by the Ghana Center for Democratic Development (CDD-Ghana), interviewed 2,400 adult Ghanaians between September 9 and 25, 2017. A sample of this size yields results with a margin of error of +/-2% at a 95% confidence level. Previous surveys have been conducted in Ghana in 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2012, and 2014.

Charts

Figure 1: Corruption perceptions and mistrust of institutions | Nigeria | 2017

Respondents were asked:

  • How many of the following people do you think are involved in corruption, or haven’t you heard enough about them to say?
  • How much do you trust each of the following, or haven’t you heard enough about them to say?

Figure 2: Paying a bribe to obtain government services | Nigeria | 2017

Respondents who said they had contact with selected public services during the previous year were asked: And how often, if ever, did you have to pay a bribe, give a gift, or do a favour:

  • For a teacher or school official in order to get the services you needed from the schools?
  • For a health worker or clinic or hospital staff in order to get the medical care you needed?
  • For a government official in order to get the document you needed?
  • For a government official in order to get the services you needed?
  • For a police officer in order to get the assistance you needed?
  • For a police officer in order to avoid a problem during one of these encounters?

(% who say “once or twice,” “a few times,” or “often.” Note: Figure excludes respondents who said they had no contact with these public services during the previous year.)

Figure 3: Most important problems that government must address (top 10) | Nigeria    | 2017

Respondents were asked: In your opinion, what are the most important problems facing this country that government should address? (Note: Respondents were allowed up to three responses. Figure shows % who cite each problem as one of their three responses.) 

Figure 4: Will the authorities take action if corruption is reported? | Nigeria | 2017

Respondents were asked: How likely is it that you could get someone to take action if you went to a government office or other public institution to report the following problems, or haven’t you heard enough to say: If you went to your local government office to report corrupt behavior like misuse of funds or requests for bribes by government officers, police, or school or clinic staff?

Figure 5: Government performance in fight against corruption | Nigeria | 2017

Respondents were asked: How well or badly would you say the current government is handling the following matters, or haven’t you heard enough to say: Fighting corruption in government?

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